All 'bout Metal Music 'n Life

Sejarah


AWALNYA ADALAH BUNYI, DAN JADILAH MUSIK. AWALNYA ADALAH PERISTIWA, DAN JADILAH SEJARAH.
Dan bermacam peristiwa besar tergelar- hingga tercatat bukan hanya dalam tinta emas – tapi menjadikan sejarah memiliki arti. tak terkecuali yang berlaku dalam sejarah musik pop. Saat The Beatles tampil di Cavern club ( 1962 ). Bob Dylan di Newport ( 1965 ), Jimmy Hendrix di woodstock ( 1969 ) adalah antara lain preistiwa2 itu. “dan….saat Nirvana merilis album IN UTERO, pada September 1993″, kata seorang eksekutif dari Geffen Record, IN UTERO ?? Kenaa gak justru saat Nirvana merilis album NEVERMIND (Oktober 1991) yang laris jutaan COPIES itu?.
Nevermind memang jadi pembuka jalan. Tapi IN UTERO jadi bukti. Bukti bahwa GRUNGE (baca”GRANCH”)sebagai alternative rock punya nilai jual sama tinggi dengan corak musik lainnya dalam industri musik dekade itu. Terjual di atas 3 juta COPIES (di pasar Amerika saja, Juni’94). IN UTERO jadi bukti, bahwa GRUNGE bukan hanya geraman sesaat. Tapi makin melaju, menggerung tak terbendung sepak terjangnya di blantika rock dunia.
GRUNGE – “makhluk” apa ini?
Layaknya musik tak satupun defenisi yang bisa mematok ari sebenarmya dari GRUNGE ini. Ia bisa berarti sesuatu yang “seenaknya”,”ketidak teraturan”,”anti pola”,bahkan”kesederhanaan”,atau malah”bunyi memekakkan laksana teriakan babi”?.
Apalah mau di sebut. Toh semua bisa saja di paskan. Yang pasti, GRUNGE jadi bentuk yang mengemohi kemapanan dalam pergaulan rock. Ia menawarkan pilihan lain dari sebangsanya hard orck.Heavy metal yang dianggap sudah kelewa kuno. bahkan sementara punk rock yang di anggap sudah kehilangan semangat. Dan datanglah GRUNGE yang memberi alternative.
Sebagian literaatur menyebutkan GRUNGE lahir sejak era jayanya punk di tahun 70-an dan bermuara di Minneapolisdan sejak era 80-an mulai bergarak ke kawasan pantai barat laut (northwest) Amerika. Bisa jadi.
Dengan musik nyaris minus SOUND EFFECT, kecuali suara gitar yang sangat kasar, musik GRUNGE di niai banyak kritisi musik tak lebih dari rock ‘n roll minus atribut. Apakah atribut yang di maksud adalah jaket kulit, rambut kaku ber-HAIR SPRAY, kalung gelang metal, kostum mengkilat, atau panggung warna warni dan kembang api di panggung konser?
Dan Nirvana memang tidak sendiri, sekedaar menyebut nama, Pearl Jam,Alice in Chain, Soundgarden, Mudhoney, adalah mereka yang telah mengecap manisnya madu industri musik lewat musik ini. Dan Seatlle pun makin sah saja jadi kiblatnya GRUNGE. Seperti menyebut hal yang sama dengan Nsahvilleuntuk country, New ORleans untuk Blues, atau Hard rock/Heavy Metal untuk LA..
Padahal ketika tahun ’88, saat Mudhoney merilis TOUCH ME I’M SICK, cuma 2 bar dan 1 klub kecil di Seatlle yang memutarnya. Artinya, Seatlle sendiri belum bisa menerima musik semodel yang di usung Mudhoney.
Kondisi semacam ini tentu saja bikin ngeri sebagian rocker di Seattle. Makanya mereka pun hijrah dari Seattle. Sebut saja di antaranya THE BLACK OUTS, grup pengusung Punk Rock ini cabut ke Chicago, dan di kemudian hari di kenal sebagai grup Ministry. Lantas gitaris Duff McKagan keluar dari TEN MINUTE WARNING, dan berangkat ke LOs angeles, lantas mengkilap sebagai pembetot bass GUNS ‘N ROSES. Atau THE MELVINS meninggalkan Aberdeen (kota kelahiran Nirvana) pindah ke San Fransisco. Dan kini..ya masih mengusung nama THE MELVINS.
Tapi semua itu cuma kisah lama. Tapi, paling tidak sejak ’92 semuanya jadi berubah cepat. Seattle jadi tujuan utama banyak grup-grup rock asal LA, Boise, Idaho, sampai Arizona. Majalah dan koran raksasa Amerika macam TIME sampai USA TODAY mengangkat profil Seatte sebagai laporan utama. JAngan di tanya kiprah media massa khusus musik. Dan akhirnya, bagi erusahaan-perusahaan rekaman besar, jaman “perburuan emas” pun sudah di mulai.
Grup-grup asal pantai barat laut Amerika dengan mudahnya teken kontrak dengan perusahaan rekaman. Bahkan tak jarang proses kontrak di tanda tangani cuma butuh waktu 1 minggu.
Dan istilah baru pun lahir: SEATTLE SOUND. Inilah istilah yang menunjuk pada warna musik rock yang di usung grup-grup asal atau jadi besar di Seattle.
Karakteristik SEATTLE SOUND inilah aplikasi dari GRUNGE (yang juga istilah). Bahkan dengan garis batas yang nyaris makin lebar. Hingga hampir semua grup asal Seattle yang pekat SOUND gitarnya, bisa di golongkan mengusung SEATTLE SOUND. Mau dia yang bernama THE MELVINS, TEN MINUTE WARNING, MALFUNKSHUN, U-MEN,FEAST, BUNDLE OF HISS, SOUND GARDEN, SKIN YARD, GREEN RIVER, SCREAMING TREES, TAD, NIRVANA,MUDHONEY,BLOOD CIREUS,COFFIN BREAK,TREEPEOPLE,MOTHER LOVE BONE,ALICE IN CHAINS,LOVE BATTERY,GRUNTRUCK,HAMMERBOX,PEARL JAM,MONO MEN,HOLE,7 YEAR BITCH…..dan masih banyaklagi tuh.
“Tapi, lembaran awal GRUNGE sebenarnya di buka oleh Jimmy Hendrix,” klaim satu literatur.
Yeah, mungkin saja. Yaakni ketike Hendrix masih berumur 11 tahun (1953), saat dia menyiram cairan ke sekujur gitardan menyetel volume amplifier sampai ke angka maximum.
Namun tabir blantika GRUNGE mulai terbuka pada tahun 1986, ketika album kompilasi DEEP SIX rilis.
Di album itu tampil antara lain SOUND GARDEN (tembang HERETIC,TEARS TO FORGET,ALL YOUR LIES). GREEN RIVER (tembang 10,000 THINGS,YOUR OWN BEST FRIEND). Juga THE MELVINS (SCARED,BLESSING THE OPERATION,GRINDING PROCESS,SHE WAITS).
“Kami main bareng, kami bincang-bincang, apa yamg kami suka, juga yang kami benci,” kenang CHRIS “Sound garden” CORNELL.
Begitu bebas, begitu lepas,itulah cerminan yang terpantul dari sikap bermusik para engusung GRUNGE. Termasuk menempatkan bermusik sebagai hobi belaka- bukan untuk menangguk uang. Artinya, mereka cukup senang jika masuk rekaman. Di edarkan oleh perusahaan rekaman kecil, dan tak peduli mau laku atau nggak.
Tapi perjalanan waktu pun membuat keropos tiang-tiang prinsip. Sebagian pengusung Grunge meyakini bahwa musik bisa menjadi penopang hidup. Seperti yang di proklamirkan pertama kali oleh Jeff Ament dari Green River. Bareng Stone Gossard, Bruce Fairweather, dan Andy wood. Ament mendirikan Mother Love Bone, dan teken kontrak dengan perusahaan rekaman besar, POLYDOR. Tapi tragisnya, seminggu sebelum debut abum di rilis, Andy Wood wafat pada 19 Maret 1990. Polydor lantas urung merilis album itu. Namun komunitas musik rock di Seattle tidak gentar. Mereka lantas merilis album memory, TEMPLE OF THE DOG. Di album ini pun hadir Chris Cornell, teman sekamarnya Wood. Oh ya, Jeff Ament dan Stone GOssard di kemudian hari berkibar lewat Pearl Jam.
AWALNYA ADALAH POPULARITAS, DAN JADILAH NIRVANA YANG TERATAS. AWALNYA ADALAH PUTUS ASA, DAN JADILAH KURT COBAIN MELEDAKKAN KEPALA.
Kurt Cobain, gitaris, vokalis sekaligus tonggak Nirvana di temukan tewas 8 April 1994 sekitar pukul 9 pagi di rumah nya di Seattle. Dan bendera setengah tiang pun di kibarkan di puncak GRUNGE. Bahkan bisa jadi untuk blantika musik pop dunia.
Tapi SEATTLE SOUND tak akan pernah redup, GRUNGE tak akan pernah berhenti menggerung, Boleh percaya itu.

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